Endometriosis is a chronic condition where the innermost lining of uterus- the endometrium, grows in locations outside the uterus. Endometriosis may cause adhesions on the uterus. The uterus can become stuck to the ovaries, fallopian tubes and bowel. Although many patients experience extreme pain, some women with endometriosis do not experience any symptoms .Usually it causes pain around the time of the menstrual period , during sex but, for some women, the pain is almost constant.

Symptoms of endometriosis:

  • Period pain (dysmenorrhoea)
  • Pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)
  • Pelvic and abdominal pain outside of menstruation
  • Abnormal bleeding – premenstrual spotting
  • Bowel disturbances – including painful bowel motions, bleeding from the bowel
  • Difficulty in getting pregnant
  • Painful urination
  • Lower back, thigh and/or leg pain


Treatment for endometriosis depends on a number of factors including

  • The severity of symptoms
  • The extent of the endometriosis
  • The woman’s age
  • Desire for fertility

No treatment can absolutely prevent endometriosis from recurring but a combination of regular medical follow-up, hormone medication and/or surgery can control the condition.

Having a baby may improve the condition. While endometriosis is suppressed during pregnancy, symptoms may recur in time, even as early as a few months after giving birth.

Medical treatment is essential for this condition. Hormones can usually treat endometriosis, sometimes surgery may be indicated.